Osteoarthritis can actually occur in all age groups, including young people and the elderly. But often, new symptoms of osteoarthritis appear when a person turns older. This is supported by a journal that says many people experience symptoms of osteoarthritis at the age of 70 years. To treat pain in the knee, you can visit the knee specialist los angeles to get the right treatment for the elderly knee specialist los angeles.
At a young age, osteoarthritis is more caused by trauma. For example, due to sports injuries, accidents, or genetic factors. Whereas in the elderly, osteoarthritis is caused by the weakening of the joints and bones as you age.
Increasing age not only makes the joints and bones stiff but also makes the production of synovial fluid which functions as a lubricant to be reduced. As a result, the elderly are prone to friction between bones and joints, causing the cartilage to thin out and cause physical symptoms that interfere with activity. Among these are pain, swelling, and joint movement problems.
Besides age, are there other factors that cause osteoarthritis? Of course, there are, the following risk factors for osteoarthritis in addition to age that need to be known:
• Family history. The risk of joint calcification is increased in people who have a family history of similar conditions.
• Gender. Women are more at risk of joint calcification than men. This risk is associated with reduced estrogen in women after menopause.
• Overweight (obesity). Being overweight puts more stress on the joints, cartilage, and bones (especially on the knees). This triggers calcification of the knee to limit the ability to move.
• Profession. Especially work that involves excessive joints and bones.
• Injury to joints. For example, due to an accident or fall.
• Have other arthritis, such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis.
What is the treatment of osteoarthritis in the elderly?
Osteoarthritis is an incurable condition. Even so, there are still treatments that can be done to reduce the symptoms that appear, namely:
• Lose weight for people who are overweight.
• Underwent physiotherapy or occupational therapy.
• Use special tools to help reduce pain, especially when standing and walking.
• Taking pain relievers (such as paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), antidepressant drugs (such as duloxetine), and topical pain relievers (applied to the joints that experience mild pain).
• Surgery is recommended if the treatment has not been successful in overcoming osteoarthritis. This procedure is performed to repair, strengthen, and replace damaged joints.